Stress has today become a fairly common word. We hear it being discussed all around us.
Few years ago only adults used to experienced stress, but in today’s competitive materialistic world children also undergo a lot of stress.
We hear many health problems affecting young age students due to stress. So let’s know what actually this stress is?
What is stress?
Stress is the reaction of our body to situations that cause turmoil or create conflicts, and thereby threaten our happiness and well-being. It is a condition of strain created on a person by situations around him. Because of stress, we become unhappy and anxious, and our physical, emotional and mental health may suffer.
A state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or demanding circumstances. Stress is extremely difficult to define because it is so different for each individual so there is a large variation.
It is also said that stress is the body’s reaction to harmful situations whether they are real or perceived. When you feel threatened, a chemical reaction occurs in your body that allows you to act in a way to prevent injury. This reaction is known as “fight-or-flight.”
What are the types of stress?
There are 3 types of stress
- Acute Stress
- Episodic acute stress
- Chronic stress.
A little bit of stress known as “acute stress” can be exciting as it keeps us active and alert. But long-term or “chronic stress” can have mental effect on health.
- Acute stress
Acute stress is the most common type of stress. It’s your body’s immediate reaction to a new challenge, event, or demand, and it triggers your fight-or-flight response. As the pressures of a near-miss automobile accident, an argument with a family member, or a costly mistake at work sink in, your body turns on this biological response.
Acute stress isn’t always negative. It’s also the experience you have when riding a rollercoaster or having a person jump out at you in a haunted house. Isolated episodes of acute stress should not have any lingering health effects. In fact, they might actually be healthy for you, as these stressful situations give your body and brain practice in developing the best response to future stressful situations.
Severe acute stress such as stress suffered as the victim of a crime or life-threatening situation can lead to mental health problems, such as post-traumatic stress disorder or acute stress disorder.
- Episodic acute stress
When acute stress happens frequently, it’s called episodic acute stress. People who always seem to be having a crisis tend to have episodic acute stress. They are often short-tempered, irritable, and anxious. People who are “worry warts” or pessimistic or who tend to see the negative side of everything also tend to have episodic acute stress.
Negative health effects are persistent in people with episodic acute stress. It may be hard for people with this type of stress to change their lifestyle, as they accept stress as a part of life.
- Chronic stress
If acute stress isn’t resolved and begins to increase or lasts for long periods of time, it becomes chronic stress. This stress is constant and doesn’t go away.
It can stem from such things as:-
- A dysfunctional family
- An unhappy marriage
- A bad job
Chronic stress can be detrimental to your health, as it can contribute to several serious diseases or health risks, such as:
- Heart disease
- Lung disease
- Cirrhosis of the liver
Also Read :- Living the healthy life- The Yoga Way
What are the causes of stress?
“A lot of things can cause stress. You may feel stress when you go on a job interview, take a test, or run a race. These kinds of short term stress are normal.
Long-term (chronic) stress is caused by stressful situations or events that last over a long period of time, like problems at work or conflicts in your family.”
Few examples that causes stress are:-
- The death of a loved one.
- Loss of a job
- Increase in financial obligations
- Chronic illness or injury
- Emotional problems (depression, anxiety, anger, grief, guilt, low self-esteem)
What are symptoms of stress?
Stress is a complex process. There are 4 types of symptoms of stress.
- Physical:- Headache, body ache, disturbed sleep, fatigue, indigestion, sweating, tremors, unconsciousness, viral infection, unnecessary movements of hands and legs, changes in heart rate,etc.
- Psychological:- Lack of concentration, irritability, forgetfulness, confusion, unreasonable fear, etc.
- Behavioral:- Changes in the food habits, either excessive eating or eating too less, smocking, alcoholism, other addictions, instability, nail biting, unnecessary body movement, etc.
- Emotional:- Depression, instability, short temperedness, crying spells, clumsiness, etc.
What are the treatment for stress?
Treatments for stress relief usually involves a combination of methods that include lifestyle changes, counseling, and relaxation or stress-management techniques.
The treatment of your stress will vary greatly depending on the types of symptoms you are experiencing and how severe they are.
Treatment can range from simple reassurance to inpatient care and evaluation in a hospital setting.
Once a careful workup and evaluation by a doctor to rule out medical causes of your symptoms and to assist in identifying stress-related or emotional conditions has occurred, there are several ways to relieve stress.
Depending on your personality and lifestyle, one or more of these modalities may be right for you:-
- Regular exercise program
- Healthy diet and nutrition habits
- Biofeedback as indicated
- Proper sleep
- Yoga or related exercise
- Counseling by qualified mental-health professionals, as needed
- Medical intervention for any physical problems discovered.
Friends it is said that health is wealth. So take care of your health. In today’s materialistic world, make some time free for yourself do some exercise, relax yourself listening to your favorite music. Go for holidays with your family and friends and enjoy the life.
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