Recently, I watched a movie where a teacher gets regular tics and hiccups and everyone makes fun of her. She was diagnosed with a rare syndrome i.e. Tourette syndrome.
It is not only about the movie but in reality, also many of us are unaware of this syndrome.
Tourette’s Syndrome is a common neuropsychiatric disorder where a person gets regular tics. However, this does not interfere with the intelligence of the person.
Generally, this syndrome often observed in childhood. Many people ignore the symptoms like tics, continuous blinking, and sudden body movements.
Tics are of two types:
Motor tics involve movement. They include:
Vocal tics include:
- Barking or yelping
- Clearing your throat
- Repeating what someone else says
Tourette’s has been linked to different parts of the brain, including an area called the basal ganglia, which helps control body movements. Differences may affect nerve cells and the chemicals that carry messages between them. Researchers think the trouble in this brain network may play a role in Tourette’s. However, the exact reason for this syndrome is not known yet.
It has been also found that in case of stress and excitements the shocks are more often and severe ones and can cause embarrassment in public gatherings.
Generally, if a child was diagnosed with these symptoms then doctor suggests them to see the neurologist, a specialist who treats diseases of the nervous system. Doctors may suggest CT scan and MRI. Many doctors may suggest antipsychotic as medication. In several cases, people may also suggest for speech and behavioural therapy.
Tourette is not a lethal disease. Bit of knowledge and awareness can help in curing the person. More than medication, motivation and self-confidence is required for curing a person.
It is very important that people should be acquainted with the symptoms so that instead of making fun they should help them in providing social comfort.