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One day while wandering in a mall I came across two common things. One was “Off Season Sale” and second was “Sugar-Free” food items.

The latter one made me think, “Is really our life losing its sweetness under the curse of diabetes?”

Well, yes, it is so. In the present lifestyle diabetes is not less than a curse. According to the reports of Diabetes Research Institute Foundation, the number of diabetic patients is increasing dramatically. In the last decade, the cases of people living with diabetes jumped almost 50 percent – to more than 30 million Americans. Worldwide, it afflicts more than 422 million people.

But before any further discussion, it is very important to answer the question what is diabetes???

In our body, there are several mechanisms which work in a coordinated manner and regulate each other’s function. One of the major cause of diabetes is a disturbance in the levels of insulin

Now, next question arises what is insulin and what role it plays in our body???

Insulin is peptide hormone which is secreted by the beta cells of the pancreas. It is used to regulate carbohydrate metabolism or in simpler words, it reduces the blood sugar levels and transfers them to the cell. Any changes if occur in its production or function, it leads to diabetes.

Basically, there are two types of diabetes i.e. Type I diabetes in which pancreatic cells stop producing insulin and Type II diabetes which is most common and in this body does not use insulin well. In latter case, glucose level always remains higher.

What causes diabetes???

The major cause of Type I diabetes is genetic inheritance or the viral infection while Type II diabetes is the result of our daily lifestyle, overweight, etc.

What are the symptoms of diabetes??

Though in our busy schedule we neglect diabetic symptoms but is it right to do so??

There are various symptoms which signal that a person is diabetic. These symptoms are:

  •       increased thirst and urination
  •       increased hunger
  •       fatigue
  •       blurred vision
  •       numbness or tingling in the feet or hands
  •       sores that do not heal
  •       unexplained weight loss

Besides this, there is another type of diabetes which is known as gestational diabetes which develops during the pregnancy and sometimes it can affect the newborn baby.

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases had given the ABCs for managing diabetes which is comprehended as follows:

  • A for the A1C test: It is the test which shows the glucose level of past three months. It can help to keep the record of your sugar levels.
  • B for Blood pressure: It is necessary a person with diabetes should have a check on blood pressure.
  • C for Cholesterol: There are two types of cholesterol present in our body i.e Good and bad cholesterol. Bad cholesterol causes the clogging of the blood vessels. One should try to reduce the bad cholesterol in the diet.
  • S for Stop smoking: a Diabetic person should never smoke much as it can narrow the blood vessels making the heart work harder.

Along with above management strategy, it is also necessary to improve our lifestyle. Physical activity (Cycling, swimming, jogging etc.) should be included in the daily routine. There should be proper diet chart which includes proteins, fibers. Several glucose-checking machines are available in the market which can help to keep the record of the glucose levels and manage your routine accordingly.

Life is the precious gift of God and it is our duty to make it healthier, happier and cherishable. We have to make efforts and take the steps towards the healthy life then only we can make our future bright.

 

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