Chanakya, Kautilya or VishnuGupta call him by any name to any person in a conversation everyone would know about whom we are talking about.
Chanakya is credited with establishing the Mauryan dynasty all over India. A teacher, philosopher, economist, jurist and royal advisor he is credited for his work in the field of classical economics, political science and Artha Shastra.
In Chanakya neeti, useful tips have been given to make life happy and successful. Its main theme is to give practical human education to every aspect of life.
It has mainly been presented in the progress of religion, culture, justice, peace, education and universal human life.
This ethical treatise provides great coordination of life-principle and lifestyle and ideal and realism. Even today a lot of his neeti’s are relevant and stand true with today’s time.
I have picked out a few of my favourite neeti’s from chanakyaneeti that I still feel are relevant in today’s time and age:-
1.Education is the best friend
A person may be weak in terms of strength or maybe average or below average looking or may not have ample of wealth but he will be still treated as a wise person and gain a lot of respect from everyone and everywhere if he is well educated.
A rich person can lose his wealth, beauty may be lost in due course of time, relations and love may fade out but education and knowledge never leave a person in any condition.
2.Learn from the mistakes of others, you can’t live long enough to make them all yourself:-
Persuades a person to watch, observe and learn from your environment and the people surrounding you. It means it is not necessary to learn from your own mistakes only but also you should observe others and learn from there mistakes as to not repeat them and prevent yourself from unwanted troubles in your life.
3.Never share your secrets with anybody. It will destroy you:-
You should never disclose your secrets to anybody because you never know who might use it against you. He said that in any circumstances you should not share your weaknesses or your strengths to anyone. So that no one can attack upon your weaknesses and no one can trick your strengths in any way.
4.Before you start some work, always ask yourself three questions – Why am I doing it, what the results might be and will I be successful. Only when you think deeply and find satisfactory answers to these questions, go ahead:-
Before the beginning of any work or implementing any strategy or initiating any plan, you should always go through these questions with all the possible pros and cons so as to define the possibilities of your success and failure.
5.The fragrance of flowers spread only in the direction of the wind. But the goodness of the person spreads in all directions:-
A person should always be good to others irrespective of differences in cultures or communities. He said that a person will die but his goodness remains forever. His good deeds are remembered by people for ages and ages.
6.A man is great by his activities only, birth has nothing to do with it:-
A person becomes great in front of people by the kind of things and activities he does in his life. Where ever he is born, whatever is his community, caste or language be that may not decide anyone’s greatness. He has to prove himself by his way of living and his activities towards society and humanity.
7.Humbleness is at the root of self-control:-
Best life lessons for a successful and happy person in life you have to be as much humble as you can. Your humbleness may weaken your enemies at times and it will always keep you in self-control and increase your self-confidence at the same time.
8.God is not present in idols. Your feelings are your God and your soul is your temple:-
When people are blind in worshipping God in materialistic Idols and follow various ways to please God, His Chanakya Neeti said that God doesn’t exist in Idols or temples, God is within us.
He said that God is present within us as our feelings and our soul is the temple for that God. One need not run behind temples in search of God but treat his own soul as a temple and his feelings and emotions as God.
9.Debt is like an enemy. As one should destroy his enemy without any trace, a debt should be paid till the penny:-
A person in debt has to face insult and shame in front of others. A person should try not to take any debt or if in worse situations he has taken a debt then it should be his foremost priority to pay that debt as soon as possible.
10.Learning is a friend on a journey, a wife in the house, medicine in sickness, and religious merit is the only friend after death:-
No wonders, time will change, people may change, situations can be favourable or unfavourable but the only thing static remains in life is your learnings. So it is immensely important to give importance to your learnings in life. Your learnings will be your life long friend, it is as important as wife in the house or medicine during sickness.
11.He who is overly attached to his family members experiences fear and sorrow for the root of all grief is the attachment. Thus one should discard attachment as much as possible to be happy:-
A person who is much attached to his family has some sort of expectations in return. It may be in form of respect, love, sacrifice or service but most of the times even family members are not able to fulfil those expectations to the limit that person thinks which creates sorrow and grief for that person and differences within relations.
12.Actual knowledge is not confined to books and possessions. If it does, people can never use both of them when practically they need to use those:-
True learnings and knowledge cannot be stored or saved in books or any kind of possessions. Knowledge is meant to be within ourselves and has to be applied in each and every stage of life.
13.Even if a snake is not poisonous, it should pretend to be venomous:-
It is important that in the present day’s world order- you keep some nuisance value else even children might stampede your feelings. You should not be vulnerable and very much malleable and ductile so that anyone can get away with you.
Your truth should be known to you. Make your fangs visible to the world. They need not know whether you have poison in them. It is a basic survival instinct.
14.An egoist can be won over by being respected, a crazy person can be won over by allowing him to behave in an insane manner and a wise person can be won over by the truth:-
The important lesson behind this Chanakya Chant is simple – let people be, the way they are. If you try to change them so that you can be with them, you will soon face retaliation. It won’t work out the way you want.
15.Once you start working on something, don’t be afraid of failure and don’t abandon it. People who work sincerely are the happiest:-
Most people fail – because they just do not carry on. Paint boldly a life which has the colours of your choice. Express your heart on the canvass of your life. The masterpiece gets created by lots of regular & religious practice. If you have will power issues.
16.Never make friends with people who are above or below you in status. Such friendships will never give you happiness:-
The world has a paradigm order if observed carefully. People are at different levels; classified on a lot of basis as money, knowledge, caste, religion & even inclinations
17.If you get to learn something even from the worst of enemies; do not hesitate:-
There is not one being created by God, who does not have something to teach us. Friends, family, and the people we know- they definitely have something in store for the lessons we learn from life.
But, even lowly creatures, animals, enemies- they teach us something or the other. We just need to grasp the lesson. If he helps you learn something, just grab the chance.
This is one life only. And, losing an opportunity to learn something in life is like losing a chance to live a better life. A deceitful friend will teach you the value of trust and patience before believing people.
18.He who befriends a man whose conduct is vicious, whose vision impure, and who is notoriously crooked, is rapidly ruined:-
If you know a person to be of suspicious behaviour, if you know that person to eye things with wrong intentions and if you know that person to be cunningly wicked, why to be friends with him in the first place?
Such a man will surely backstab one day. More often than not, these kinds of people befriend you for a reason.
Make sure you don’t fall into the trap and make yourself go through the same hardships. Staying away from such vices is the option to be exercised before it’s too late to save yourself from the ruins..
19.Avoid him who talks sweetly before you but tries to ruin you behind your back, for he is like a pitcher of poison with milk on top:-
There are many people around who sugarcoat their words for you. They are foes in the veneer of friends; speaking all sweet words that will seem so nice to listen to.
One tip to recognize and differentiate between the real and fake: the one who is your real friend, will talk sweet but point out your mistakes as well. On the other hand, a fake one who harbours cruel intentions will simply do the opposite.
20.As soon as the fear approaches near; attack and destroy it:-
It is very true: courage is the quality that makes possibilities and opportunities visible. Fear hides a lot of things from us- our abilities, our confidence, our strength to act.
It creates a blindfold and prevents from seeing the actual. Remember always, fear is a dark room where only negatives can be developed and what will you do with the negatives if you don’t have the real pictures in your hands?
Whenever you feel that something makes you afraid, wage a war on that something. Never let your fears take control of you because when we fear something, we give it immense power over us. Anything which you resist – will persist.
21.A person should not be too honest. Just as straight trees are chopped-down first,honest people are taken advantage of first:-
The saying: ‘honesty is the best policy’ does hold true but only when you know where to be honest and to whom to be honest too. Else, the world is a difficult place to survive in.
The world need not know everything about you. Deception comes very easy to certain people when you conduct yourself and your family affairs or financial matters as an open book.
An honest man will never misuse your honesty. But a dishonest one will never lose an opportunity to misuse your honesty.
22. Never stop learning:-
There is so much more to learn, to explore and to do in life that it is a never-ending process. It is only through learning can you acquire wisdom over the years. However, the day you decide you know everything, you will stagnate.
Learning must never stop. One should always consider self a student.
It is safe to stay that we are all students in this journey of life. Our experiences are our teacher, the obstacles, hurdles and rejections our tests.
25.Stay away from sexual feelings:-
Students who are distracted or interested in anything sexual, they become restless. To fulfil their desires, they can go to any extent and take any route – right or wrong to fulfil them.
If a student falls into the trap of sexual feelings, they get distracted and are pulled into other activities. All their thoughts then revolve around sex and they steer away from academics. Hence, they should concentrate on academics, not sex.
26.Try not to get angry:-
Anger makes a person blind and therefore, they are unable to focus on what is right or wrong in life. Due to their aggressive nature, they are easily angered or any little thing can trigger their anger.
At times they commit such heinous deeds due to anger which they regret later on in life. Such people cannot be trusted as they can wrong anyone or harm people when angry. Plus, such people are always restless and lack peace of mind.
To attain knowledge, one needs to be at peace as one requires tremendous concentration. An angry person or someone who is distracted acquires knowledge just as medium but does not know how and when to use or apply it. Therefore, anger management in students is of utmost importance.
27.Control your greed:-
‘Lalach Buri Bala hai’, heard this common Hindi phrase? It means that greed is evil. A greedy person can use or exploit anyone or anything for their own vested interests.
They can betray the people closest to them as they have no filter for right or wrong. A person who is greedy or jealous of other people’s belongings, they are constantly plotting how to get that for themselves.
A greedy individual can never have a positive outlook when it comes to academics as they spend their entire time trying to acquire other things. A student should never be greedy but build things on their own merit as this will lead to success.
28.Tasty food on mind always:-
It is said that those who cannot control their tongue when it comes to delicious food, they are restless and are always in search of something more.
Such people can only think of food and never concentrate on anything else.
For food, they even tend to neglect their own health. To study well and to achieve merit, one needs to be in good health and hence, the thought of tasty food should be kept far away.
29.Whiling away time for random fun:-
Seriousness is the highest quality, gift, and virtue in a good student. To achieve success and fame in life a student should approach academics with seriousness.
But if a student whiles away their time in random fun or dumb activities for momentary pleasures, they end up wasting precious time they could have used to study. They lag behind in success. To achieve knowledge, one needs stability and due to randomness, this is lost.
30.Sleeping the entire day:-
A healthy human being needs about 8 hours of sleep each day. Students should be careful of not exceeding their sleeping time beyond these 8 hours. This is because excessive sleep causes depression, a condition of constant fatigue. Due to this one can barely concentrate on studying. Hence, they cannot excel in academics
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